plane

1.
n., adj., & v.
—n.
1 a a flat surface on which a straight line joining any two points on it would wholly lie. b an imaginary flat surface through or joining etc. material objects.
2 a level surface.
3 colloq. = AEROPLANE.
4 a flat surface producing lift by the action of air or water over and under it (usu. in comb.: hydroplane).
5 (often foll. by of) a level of attainment, thought, knowledge, etc.
6 a flat thin object such as a tabletop.
—adj.
1 (of a surface etc.) perfectly level.
2 (of an angle, figure, etc.) lying in a plane.
—v.intr.
1 (often foll. by down) travel or glide in an aeroplane.
2 (of a speedboat etc.) skim over water.
3 soar.
Phrases and idioms:
plane chart a chart on which meridians and parallels of latitude are represented by equidistant straight lines, used in plane sailing. plane polarization a process restricting the vibrations of electromagnetic radiation, esp. light, to one direction. plane sailing
1 the practice of determining a ship's position on the theory that she is moving on a plane.
2 = plain sailing (see PLAIN(1)). plane-table a surveying instrument used for direct plotting in the field, with a circular drawing-board and pivoted alidade.
Etymology: L planum flat surface, neut. of planus PLAIN(1) (different. f. PLAIN(1) in 17th c.): adj. after F plan, plane
2.
n. & v.
—n.
1 a tool consisting of a wooden or metal block with a projecting steel blade, used to smooth a wooden surface by paring shavings from it.
2 a similar tool for smoothing metal.
—v.tr.
1 smooth (wood, metal, etc.) with a plane.
2 (often foll. by away, down) pare (irregularities) with a plane.
3 archaic level (plane the way).
Etymology: ME f. OF var. of plaine f. LL plana f. L planus PLAIN(1)
3.
n. (in full plane-tree) any tree of the genus Platanus often growing to great heights, with maple-like leaves and bark which peels in uneven patches.
Etymology: ME f. OF f. L platanus f. Gk platanos f. platus broad

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • plané — plané …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • plane — [ plan ] n. f. • XIVe; plaine XIIe; réfect., d apr. le v. planer, de l a. fr. plaine, bas lat. plana ♦ Techn. Outil formé d une lame tranchante et de deux poignées, appelé aussi couteau à deux manches, qui sert à aplanir, à dégrossir une surface… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • plané — plane [ plan ] n. f. • XIVe; plaine XIIe; réfect., d apr. le v. planer, de l a. fr. plaine, bas lat. plana ♦ Techn. Outil formé d une lame tranchante et de deux poignées, appelé aussi couteau à deux manches, qui sert à aplanir, à dégrossir une… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Plane — Plane, a. [L. planus: cf. F. plan. See {Plan}, a.] Without elevations or depressions; even; level; flat; lying in, or constituting, a plane; as, a plane surface. [1913 Webster] Note: In science, this word (instead of plain) is almost exclusively… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Plane — Plane, n. [F. plane, L. plana. See {Plane}, v. & a.] 1. (Geom.) A surface, real or imaginary, in which, if any two points are taken, the straight line which joins them lies wholly in that surface; or a surface, any section of which by a like… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • plane — 1. (pla n ) s. m. Nom vulgaire donné à une espèce d érable que les botanistes appellent érable plane, acer platanoides, L. •   Des gazons émaillés l ornaient [une fontaine] tout alentour ; Un plane l ombrageait de son vaste contour, SÉNECÉ… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • plane — UK US /pleɪn/ noun [C] ► an aircraft with wings and one or more engines: a plane for/to/from sth »I ll get the next plane to London. on/in a plane »He s on a plane at the moment, on his way to Chicago. a plane leaves/takes off/lands »The plane… …   Financial and business terms

  • plane — plane1 [plān] n. [ME < MFr plasne < L platanus < Gr platanos < platys, broad (see PLATY ): from its broad leaves] any of a genus (Platanus) of trees of the plane tree family having maplelike leaves, spherical dry fruits, and bark that …   English World dictionary

  • plane — Ⅰ. plane [1] ► NOUN 1) a flat surface on which a straight line joining any two points would wholly lie. 2) a level of existence or thought. ► ADJECTIVE 1) completely level or flat. 2) relating to two dimensional surfaces or magnitudes …   English terms dictionary

  • Plane — Plane, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Planed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Planing}.] [Cf. F. planer, L. planare, fr. planus. See {Plane}, a., {Plain}, a., and cf. {Planish}.] 1. To make smooth; to level; to pare off the inequalities of the surface of, as of a board… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Plane — Plane, n. [F., fr. L. platanus, Gr. ?, fr. ? broad; so called on account of its broad leaves and spreading form. See {Place}, and cf. {Platane}, {Plantain} the tree.] (Bot.) Any tree of the genus {Platanus}. [1913 Webster] Note: The Oriental… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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